Colorfull Houses at Sunset in the Capital of Greenland, Nuuk.
Colorfull houses at sunset in the capital of Greenland, Nuuk.

Is Greenland a Country? 👇

3 min

Is Greenland a Country? is a question that has sparked much debate and discussion in the realm of international politics.

Is Greenland Independent? Exploring Its Unique Status within Denmark

Who does Greenland belong to? It’s a question that has intrigued many, given the island’s unique status. Greenland, the world’s largest island, isn’t entirely independent. While it self-governs and controls its natural resources, it remains a part of the Kingdom of Denmark. In this article, we delve into the complexities of Greenland’s situation, exploring its journey towards potential independence and the recent controversies surrounding its resources.

Greenland’s sovereignty status is often debated: is Greenland a country or an autonomous territory of Denmark

Greenland’s Unique Position

A Gargantuan Island

Greenland is truly a marvel of nature. Stretching across 836,000 square miles, it’s four times the size of France. However, it’s home to just 57,000 people, with 85% of them being Inuit. This makes Greenland, with its sparse population, a land of vast expanses. The reason behind this sparsity is partly the colossal Greenlandic ice sheet, which blankets 80% of the land.

Imagine an ice sheet so massive that it has pushed the bedrock beneath it more than 1,000 feet below sea level. In some places, this icy behemoth is an astonishing 10,000 feet thick. It’s a stark reminder of the awe-inspiring power of nature, and it’s also a significant factor in Greenland’s unique situation.

The Quest for Independence

Since 2009, Greenland has been on a journey towards greater autonomy. It has assumed control over its natural resources, judiciary, and policing from Denmark, marking a significant step towards potential independence. The relationship between Greenland and Denmark, which was once cooperative, has been marked by tension in recent years.

The majority of Greenland’s population favors independence from Denmark. After all, Greenland has had the legal right to declare full independence since 2009. But the road to independence is anything but straightforward. The question of whether Greenland should break free from Denmark remains a hot-button issue.

Just last year, Greenland’s foreign minister faced consequences for his comments about excluding non-Inuit Greenlanders from any vote regarding independence. These developments have caused renewed curiosity about Greenland’s status in the world.

Resource Rights and Controversies

The Greenlandic People’s Aspiration

Greenland’s quest for independence is closely tied to its desire to control its abundant natural resources. As the Arctic climate warms, the island is poised for a potential flood of resource development. The Greenlandic people are preparing to manage these resources independently.

The journey towards self-governance and resource control has been gradual but significant. It’s a testament to the determination of the Greenlandic people to shape their own destiny. However, the path ahead is not without its challenges.

Does Greenland Have Oil?

One of the most significant developments in recent years is the granting of licenses to major global oil companies to drill off Greenland’s east coast. These licenses were issued in 2013 and 2014, and with the decline of sea ice in Greenland’s hinterlands, more offshore oil resources are likely to be tapped into.

Former Prime Minister Aleqa Hammond has expressed confidence in Greenland’s ability to handle the economic boom that could come from exploiting these resources. She believes that Greenland can do so without harming its culture and environment. However, not everyone shares this optimism.

Aqqaluk Lynge, former chairman of the Inuit Circumpolar Council, has raised a cautionary voice. He reminds us that wealth often comes at a price, and the delicate balance between development and preservation is a challenge that Greenland must navigate.

In conclusion, Greenland’s unique status within Denmark, its quest for independence, and the controversies surrounding its resources make it a place of intrigue and complexity. As it continues to evolve, the world watches with curiosity and wonder.


In the heart of the Arctic, Greenland stands as a land of paradoxes. It’s the world’s largest island, yet one of the most sparsely populated. It has control over its resources, but it isn’t entirely independent. The journey towards full independence is ongoing, and the controversies surrounding its resources add layers to its story.

Greenland’s destiny is in the hands of its people, and the world is captivated by the unfolding tale of this remarkable island nation.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Is Greenland part of Denmark?

  • Yes, Greenland is part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

2. Can Greenland declare full independence?

  • Yes, Greenland has had the legal right to declare full independence since 2009, but it has not yet done so.

3. What is the population of Greenland?

  • Greenland has a population of approximately 57,000 people, with the majority being Inuit.

4. Does Greenland have control over its natural resources?

  • Yes, since 2009, Greenland has assumed control of its natural resources, judiciary, and policing from Denmark.

5. Are there controversies surrounding Greenland’s resources?

  • Yes, there are controversies, particularly regarding the drilling of offshore oil resources and their potential impact on Greenland’s culture and environment.

In conclusion, the question Is Greenland a Country continues to be a subject of scrutiny and analysis, with various perspectives on its status.

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